快乐学习文库
快乐文库

网站首页 语言学习 英语 单词 正文

高中英语常考形近词

自己读 2022-04-08 单词 332 ℃ 0 评论
2022 虎虎生威:送自己/亲友本命年虎首金手绳,请猛戳这里→→→点击直达

英语中,有很多看起来相近的单词,但是,千万别大意,意思可是完全不一样的,有的甚至是相反的,理解错了,可是会出笑话的!


aboard/abroad


aboard prep. & adv. 在(船/车/飞机等)上;上(船/车/飞 机等)

He was already aboard the plane.

他已经登机了。

The plane crashed, killing all 200 people aboard.

飞机失事,机上200人全部遇难。

abroad adv. 在国外;到国外

He was famous, both at home and abroad.

他享誉国内外。


accept/concept/except


accept v. 接受

I don't think they would accept that view.

我认为他们不会相信那个观点。

concept n. 概念;观念

He can't grasp the basic concepts of mathematics.

他无法掌握数学的基本概念。

except conj. & prep. 除外

We work every day except Sunday.

我们除星期天外都工作。


access/assess


access n. 通路;机会

The only access to the farmhouse is across the fields.

去那农舍的唯一通路是穿过田野。

assess v. 评价

Many of the adults were assessed as having learning difficulties.

许多成年人被认定有学习困难。


accident/incident


accident n. 事故;意外遭遇

Sam had an accident at work and had to go to hospital.

山姆在工作时发生意外事故,不得不去医院。

incident n. 事件

There was a shooting incident near here last night.

昨夜这附近发生了枪击事件。


adapt/adopt


adapt v. (使)适应;改编;改写

The children are finding it hard to adapt to the new school.

孩子们发觉很难适应新学校。

Three of her novels have been adapted for television.

她的长篇小说中有三部已改编成电视节冃。

adopt v. 收养;釆用

She was forced to have her baby adopted.

她被迫把婴儿给人收养。

All three teams adopted different approaches to the problem.

三个队处理这个问题的方法各不相同。


adventure/event/eventually/invent/prevent


adventure n. 冒险

Do you like adventure in your life?

生活屮你喜欢冒险吗?

event n. 重大事件;(发生的)事情

It is easy to be wise after the event.

事后诸葛亮人人都会做。

eventually adv. 最终;终于

You will succeed eventually.

你终会成功的。

invent v. 发明;创造

In 1930, German scientists invented the tape we use today.

1930年,德国科学家发明了我们如今使用的磁带。

prevent v. 阻止;防止

In this way we prevented the spread of this disease.

我们用这种方式防止了这种疾病的蔓延。


admit/permit


admit v. 容许进入;承认

Only ticket-holders will be admitted to/into the stadium.

持票者方可进入体育场。

I had to admit (to) being nervous about the test.

我不得不承认对这次考试感到紧张。

permit v. 许可 准许

Mobile phone conversations are not permitted anywhere in the library.

在图书馆里的任何地方都不允许打电话。


affect/affection/effect/effort


affect v. 影响

You opinion will not affect my decision.

你的意见不会影响我的决定。

affection n. 喜爱;钟爱

She was held in deep affection by all her students.

她的学生都十分爱戴她。

effect n. 影响;作用

We don't know the long-term effects of pollution.

我们不了解污染的长远影响。

effort n. 努力;力气

It's a long climb to the top, but well worth the effort.

爬到顶上路程很长,虽然费力却很值得。


angel/angle


angel n. 天使

Thank you a thousand times, you're an angel.

千恩万谢了,你是个天使。

angle n. 角度

Thanks to the angle at which he stood, he could just see the sunset.

多亏他站的角度,他刚好能看到曰落。


appoint/disappoint


appoint v. 任命;约定

Sam has been appointed manager of the engineering department to take the place of George.

山姆被任命为工程部经理,接替乔治。

We appointed a day in June for celebration.

我们把庆祝会定在六月的一天。

disappoint v. 使失望

I'm sorry to disappoint you, but I can't come after all.

真抱歉让你失望,可我实在不能来。


approve/approval/improve/prove


approve v. 批准;认可;赞成;同意

Do you approve of my idea?

你同意我的想法吗?

approval n. 赞成;同意

I was always trying to win my father's approval.

我总是想方设法赢得父亲的赞许。

improve v. 改善;提高

I thought the best way to improve my French was to live in France.

我认为提高我的法语水准的最好办法是到法国生活。

prove v. 证明;证实

Just give me a chance and I'll prove it to you.

只要给我个机会,我会证明给你看。


aspect/expect/inspect/suspect


aspect n. 方面

Dealing with people is the most important aspect of my work.

与人打交道是我工.作中最重要的一方面。

expect v. 预料;预计

I expect to be back within a week.

我预计一周之内回来。

inspect v. 仔细检査

Make sure you inspect the goods before signing for them.

要确保在签收货物之前仔细检査。

suspect v. 怀疑

I suspected that there was something wrong with the engine.

我怀疑发动机出了什么故障。


awake/aware


awake adj. 醒着的

How do you stay awake during boring lectures?

听乏味的讲座时你如何让自己不睡着?

aware adj. 知道的;意识到的

Everyone should be made aware of the risks involved.

应该让人人都知道所涉及的风险。


breath/breathe


breath n. 呼吸;气息

We had to stop for breath before we got to the top.

我们不得不喘曰气,然后再豎山顶。

breathe v. 呼吸

The air was so cold we could hardly breathe.

空气非常寒冷,我们难以呼吸。


board/broad


board n. 公告牌;布告牌

Can I put this notice on the board?

我可以把这张通告贴在布告牌上吗?

broad adj. 宽的;阔的

He gave her a broad smile.

他给她一个灿烂的微笑。


compete/complete


compete v. 竞争

Young children will usually compete for their mother's attention.

小孩子通常都会在母亲面前争宠。

complete  v. 完成;结束;② adj. 完全的;彻底的:

① She completed her degree in two years.

她在两年内修完了学位。

② The news came as a complete surprise.

这消息让人十分意外。


complex/flexible/reflect


complex adj. 复杂的

It is a complex system, but it certainly makes a change.

这是个复杂系统,但肯定有所改进。

flexible adj. 可变通的;灵活的

Our plans need to be flexible enough to cater for the needs of every one.

我们的计划必须足够变通,以满足每个人的需要。

reflect v. 反映;反思

The drop in consumer spending reflects concern about the economy.

消费支出的卜降反映出人们对经济的担忧。

We should all give ourselves time to reflect.

我们都应该给自己时间来深思。


conclude/include


conclude v. 断定;推断出

He concluded from their remarks that they were not in favor of the plan.

他从他们的话语中推断出他们不赞同此项计划。

include v. 包括;包含

Your duties include typing letters and answering the phone.

你的职责包括打信件和接电话。


confuse/refuse


confuse v. 使糊涂;使迷惑

His directions really confused me.

他指的路线真把我弄糊涂了。

refuse v. 拒绝;回绝

She refused to accept that there was a problem.

她拒不承认有问题存在。


complain/explain


complain v. 抱怨

She complained that no one had been at the airport to meet her.

她抱怨说没人到机场接她。

explain v. 解释;说明

Not every judge, however, has the ability to explain the law in simple words.

然而,并非每个法官都能用浅易的话来解释法律。


consist/insist/resist


consist v. 由构成

Life consists of not only sunshine but also hard times.

生活不仅有阳光,还有艰难困苦。

insist v. 坚持;坚决要求;坚持认为

He insisted on walking me to the station to see me off.

他坚持要陪我走到车站为我送行。

He insisted on his innocence.

他坚持说自己是无辜的。

resist v. 抵制;抵抗

We found the apple pie too good to resist.

我们觉得这块苹果馅饼令人无法抗拒。


contain/maintain/obtain


contain v. 包含 含有

The drink doesn't contain any alcohol.

这种饮料不含任何酒精。

maintain v. 维持;保持

The two countries have always maintained close relations.

这两个国家一直保持着密切关系。

obtain v. 获得;得到

In the second experiment they obtained a very clear result.

第二次试验他们获得了明确的结果。

2022 虎虎生威:送自己/亲友本命年虎首金手绳,请猛戳这里→→→点击直达
1、部分内容源于网络,版权归原作者,如需删除请扫码联系站长。2、投放广告、换链接请联系站长。

本文暂时没有评论,来添加一个吧(●'◡'●)

欢迎 发表评论:

请填写验证码
最近发表
标签列表